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Aniba is located in Nubia, about 230 kms south of Aswan. Currently under the waters of Lake Nasser, the site was an important city strategically located in one of the most fertile regions of Lower Nubia during Antiquity.

The oldest remains in Aniba date from about 3000 BC and belong to the culture of the A Group. In the Middle Kingdom, a fortress was built near a small town. At the beginning of the New Kingdom, the city was extended and occupied an area of about 200 x 400 m, surrounded by an enclosure wall. In the town proper, a temple is erected, dedicated to the Horus of Miam. Huge cemeteries surrounded the city, and some of their tombs were built in a purely Egyptian style. One of them belonged to the viceroy of Kush, Panehesy.

Steindorff G. Aniba. Flights. I-III, J.J. Augustin, Glückstadt-Hamburg, 1935, 253 pages, 98 plates, First Edition.

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